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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients.

From: A new parameter using serum lactate dehydrogenase and alanine aminotransferase level is useful for predicting the prognosis of patients at an early stage of acute liver injury: A retrospective study

  Alive LT or Death Total p-value
Age 39.4 ± 15.3 48.3 ± 16.3 43.7 ± 16.2 0.0382
Sex (M/F) 10/7 8/8 18/15 0.6109
Ascites (+/-) 2/15 10/6 12/21 0.0025
Encephalopathy (+/-) 2/15 9/7 11/22 0.0067
AST (U/L) 4122.4 ± 3915.1 3587.3 ± 4123.7 3862.9 ± 3963.4 0.5523
ALT (U/L) 3845.5 ± 2932.1 2777.8 ± 2850.6 3327.8 ± 2898.5 0.2275
LDH (U/L) 2668.0 ± 3431.0 2796.1 ± 4093.2 2730.1 ± 3707.3 0.8289
ALP (U/L) 543.7 ± 168.1 509.4 ± 162.5 527.1 ± 163.7 0.9139
γ-GTP (U/L) 293.1 ± 200.0 245.8 ± 249.8 270.2 ± 223.2 0.171
Total bilirubin (mg/dL) 9.1 ± 6.8 14.6 ± 10.0 11.8 ± 8.8 0.0689
Direct bilirubin (mg/dL) 6.1 ± 4.7 9.4 ± 6.9 7.6 ± 6.0 0.1395
Albumin (g/dL) 3.7 ± 0.4 3.3 ± 0.4 3.5 ± 0.4 0.0034
PT-INR 2.19 ± 1.56 3.38 ± 2.29 2.76 ± 2.00 0.0013
Platelet (× 104/μL) 14.9 ± 5.9 11.5 ± 5.9 13.3 ± 6.1 0.0717
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1.14 ± 2.03 1.35 ± 1.61 1.25 ± 1.81 0.5757
Etiology – HAV 3 3 6 0.9811
Etiology – HBV 8 5 13 0.9811
Etiology – Drug 2 1 3 0.9811
Etiology – Wilson 1 1 2 0.9811
Etiology – Unknown 3 6 9 0.9811
MELD score 17.66 ± 9.79 26.69 ± 11.89 22.0 ± 11.6 0.0059
ALT-LDH index 3.0 8 8 16 0.8658
ALT-LDH index ≥ 3.0 9 8 17 0.8658
  1. Values were expressed by mean ± standard deviation. LT: Liver transplantation, GGT: Gamma-glutamyl transferase.