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Table 1 Doberman pinscher group description

From: Differential expression of copper-associated and oxidative stress related proteins in a new variant of copper toxicosis in Doberman pinschers

Group n Hepatic copper Copper concentrations (mg/kg dry matter) Clinical observation
Healthy 8 Normal 100 – 200 No abnormalities
N-CASH 6 Normal < 300 Subclinical hepatitis
CASH 6 Elevated copper levels > 600 Subclinical hepatitis
DH 6 Highly elevated copper levels > 1500 Chronic hepatitis